The Sikh religion came about as a reaction to the Hinduism and Islam practiced in Moghul India. It formed in the Punjab area of India during the 16th and 17th centuries. The holiest site is the Golden Temple at Amritsar.
Sikh men have five signs (or kakars) so that they can recognise each other. Each begins with the letter 'k' in the Punjabi language. They are:
· long hair
· the turban
· a silver bangle
· a pair of shorts
· a curved sword.
Sikh men look very distinctive with their beards and turbans. The religion's founder was Guru Nanak. The holy book is written in Punjabi with a script called Gurumukha (meaning from the mouth of the Guru).