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Languages of the World

Astrology Sun Dial

Location:

At the entrance of the harbor of the Mediterranean island of Rhodes in Greece.

Description:

In AD 654, the Arabs invaded Rhodes. They disassembled the remains of the broken Colossus and sold them to a Jew from Syria. It is said that the fragments had to be transported to Syria on the backs of 900 camels

Languages Of North America And The Artic

The Eskimo-Aleut Family is spread across Siberia and Alaska (including the Aleutian Islands). The major language is Inuit (the Eskimo language). These languages are ergative. They also have the property of Incorporation where a verb can form a compound with one or more nouns allowing a complex sentence to be expressed as one single compound word.

Inuit has a large number of verbs concerning knowledge, including UTSIMAVAA (know from experience), SANATUUQ (know how to do something), QAUJIMAVAA (know about something), NALUJUNNAIPAA (not ignorant about something), NALUMAIQPAA (no longer unaware about something).

The Algonquian Family of languages are found in North America and include Ojibwa, Cree, Blackfoot, Micmac, Cheyenne, Choctaw, Potawatomi, Mohican and Delaware. Many of these languages have two gender-like divisions for nouns: animate and inanimate.

Another North American group is the Athapascan Family which includes Navajo and Apache.

Navajo has many words for lines of different shapes, colours and configurations: their world is perceived and described in geometric terms. For example ALHCH'INIDZIGAI means two white lines coming together at a point.

Again in North America there is the Iroquoian Family. Cherokee and Mohawk are examples. Mohawk marks the subject on the verb by gender so that word order is very free. This is similar to the languages of the Bantu Branch of the Niger-Congo languages in Africa.

The Siouan Family includes languages like Sioux, Saponi and Dakota-Lakota. It is found in the Great Plains of the USA and southern Canada.

Along the Pacific coast of North America is the unusual Mosan Family. The languages include Bella-Coola (a language with several words that lack vowels), Flathead and Okanagan.

These languages have word roots which can be either verbs of nouns. TS'AX can mean a spear or to spear. 'INMA means to suck milk or breast. 'ATH is either night or to become dark. Only the context distinguishes the correct meaning.
Some linguists divide these languages into three families.




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